Glossary of acronyms and abbreviations

A list of current and in some cases now historic acronyms and abbreviations.

Acronym Expansion/Explanation
AACR2 Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd edition [often simply just AACR]
AGM Annual General Meeting
AHRB Arts and Humanities Research Board
AHDS Arts and Humanities Data Service
ALA American Library Association
ARSC Association for Recorded Sound Collections (principally US-based)
ASW Annual Study Weekend
BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
BL British Library
BLCMP Birmingham Libraries Co-operative Mechanisation Project
BLCPP British Library Co-operation & Partnership Programme
BLDSC British Library Document Supply Centre
BMIC British Music Information Centre
BnF Bibliothèque national de France
BPI Trade body for the UK record industry
CC:DA Committee on Cataloging: Description & Access — part of ALA
CERL Consortium of European Research Libraries
CHOMBEC Centre for the History of Music in Britain, the Empire and the Commonwealth
CIDOC Committee on Documentation of the International Council of Museums
CILIP Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals
CMC Contemporary Music Centre [Dublin]
COLICO Committee on Library Cooperation in Ireland
CONARLS Circle of Officers of National and Regional Library Systems
CURL Consortium of University Research Libraries
DC Dublin Core (metadata standard)
DCMI Dublin Core Metadata Initiative
DCMS Department for Culture, Media and Sport
DCU Dublin City University
DENI Department of Education for Northern Ireland
DIT Dublin Institute of Technology [includes Conservatory of Music and Drama]
DTD Document Type Definition (XML definitions)
EAD Encoded Archival Description
EAN European Article Number (i.e. the barcode on all European products) see also UPC
FAIR Focus on Access to Institutional Resources
FRAD Functional Requirements for Authority Data superseding FRAR
FRANAR Functional Requirements and Numbering of Authority Records
FRAR Functional Requirements for Authority Records possibly superseded by FRAD
FRBR Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records
FRBRoo Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (object oriented) — an attempt to harmonize FRBR with the CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model
FRSAD Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Data equivalent to FRSAR
FRSAR Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Records equivalent to FRSAD
GLASS Greater London Audio Specialisation Scheme — assists interlending of sound recordings
GMD General Material Designation — AACR2 term to be superseded
HEA Higher Education Authority [main source of higher education funds in Irish Republic]
HEFCE Higher Education Funding Council for England (pronounced as Hef-see)
HEFCW Higher Education Funding Council for Wales
HLF Heritage Lottery Fund
HTML Hypertext Markup Language — the basis of the World Wide Web
IAMIC International Association of Music Information Centres
IAML International Association of Music Libraries, Archives and Documentation Centres
IASA International Association of Sound and Audiovisual Archives
IFLA International Federation of Library Associations
IFPI International Federation of the Phonographic Industry
IIS Institute of Information Scientists — merged with LA to form CILIP
IMS International Musicological Society
INSPIRE Information Sharing Partners in Resources for Education
ISBD International Standard Bibliographic Description
ISMN International Standard Music Number
ISRC International Standard Recording Code
ISWC International Standard Work Code
ITMA Irish Traditional Music Archive
JISC Joint Information Systems Committee
JSC Joint Steering Committee (for AACR)
LA Library Association — merged with IIS to form CILIP
LABL Library Association/British Library committee to discussing cataloguing rules — now superseded
LC or LoC Library of Congress
LCSH Library of Congress Subject Headings
LIP Library and Information Plan
LLiL Libraries and Learners in London
LLGC Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = National Library of Wales
MARBI Machine-Readable Bibliographic Information committee — of ALA
MARC MAchine-Readable Cataloguing (also UKMARC, USMARC, MARC21, UNIMARC etc.)
MARCXML MARC coding recast as XML
MCPS/PRS Mechanical-Copyright Protection Society/Performing Rights Society Alliance
METS Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard
MILDRED Music in Libraries: Directory and Resource Discovery
MLA Museums, Libraries and Archives Council
MLA Music Library Association (US body)
MLO Music Libraries Online
MLT Music Libraries Trust
MODS Metadata Object Description Schema
MOLA Major Orchestra Librarians' Association
MPEG Moving Picture Experts Group (content and metadata standards as in e.g. MPEG 7)
NAMHE National Association of Musicians in Higher Education
NFIP National Forum for Information Planning
NISC National Information Services Corporation
NLI National Library of Ireland
NLS National Library of Scotland
NLW Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = National Library of Wales
NOF New Opportunities Fund
NSA defunct acronym for: British Library Sound Archive
NUI National University of Ireland [as in NUI Maynooth, NUI Galway, etc.]
ONIX Online Information Exchange (an international standard for exchange of publishers' information)
OOD Object-oriented design also OOP Object-oriented programming
OUP Oxford University Press
OWL Web Ontology Language
PADS defunct acronym for: AHDS Performing Arts
PRS see MCPS/PRS Alliance
PULMAN Public Libraries Mobilising Advanced Networks
QUB Queen's University Belfast
RAK Regeln für die alphabetische Katalogisierung — German cataloguing code
RAM Royal Academy of Music
RASCAL Research and Special Collections Available Locally [resource database originally developed in Northern Ireland, now being extended throughout Ireland]
RCM Royal College of Music
RDA Resource Description and Access (successor to AACR2)
RDF Resource Description Framework — a W3C metadat specification
RDN Resource Discovery Network
RIAM Royal Irish Academy of Music
RIdIM Répertoire International d'Iconographie Musicale
RILM Répertoire International de Littérature Musicale
RIPM Répertoire International de la Presse Musicale
RISC Répertoire International des Spectacles et Concerts
RISM Répertoire International des Sources Musicales
RNCM Royal Northern College of Music
RSAMD Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama
RSLG Research Support Libraries Group
RSLP Research Support Libraries Programme
RSS Really Simple Syndication among other interpretations. A means for distribution of web content by means of XML feeds to certain web browsers or RSS readers/RSS aggregators.
RTE Radio Telefís Éireann [Irish national broadcaster)
SGML Standard Generalized Markup Language — the superset that includes HTML, XHTML, XML ...
SHEFC Scottish Higher Education Funding Council
SIBMAS Société Internationale des Bibliothèques et des Musées des Arts du Spectacle = International Association of Libraries and Museums of the Performing Arts
SMD Specific Material Designation — AACR2 term to be superseded
SQL Structured Query Language — the most widespread database access method
SMI Society for Musicology in Ireland
SRU Search/Retrieve via URL — a standard search protocol for Internet search queries
SRW Search/Retrieve Web service — a web service for search and retrieval
SWRLS South Western Regional Library System
TCD Trinity College Dublin
TCM Trinity College of Music [London] now Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance
TIG Theatre Information Group
UCC University College Cork
UCD University College Dublin
UL University of Limerick
UPC Universal Product Code (i.e. the barcode on all North-American products) see also EAN
VIAF Virtual International Authority File
VRA Visual Resources Association
W3C World Wide Web Consortium
WILIP Wider Information and Library Issues Project
WiLL What's in London Libraries
WSIS World Summit on the Information Society
XHTML A strict version of HTML — conforming to XML syntax rules
XML Extensible Markup Language
Z39.50 Client–server search and retrieval protocol (also known as ISO 23950 – see what they did there?)